Grammar GuideSpellingWhat is the difference between 'effected' and 'affected'?

What is the difference between 'effected' and 'affected'?

What is the difference between 'effected' and 'affected'?

The words effected and affected are often confused because they look similar. We'll help you to understand the difference.

Affected means influenced or changed when used as a verb.

Affected is also used as an adjective. It means influenced or changed by something.

Effected means brought about, brought into being when used as a verb.

A good way to remember the difference is Effected means Emerged..

Out of the two words, 'affected' is the most common. It appears about four times more frequently than 'effected'.



It's easy to confuse affected and effected because they look and sound similar.

Affected can be used as a past tense verb that means influenced or changed. It can also be used as an adjective to refer to a noun that has been affected (the affected body part).

Effected is a past tense verb that means brought about or achieved. It's a very subtle difference from affected. (He effected new legislation; She effected widespread change in the company.)

Is the correct expression 'effected by means of' or 'affected by means of'?

The right phrase is 'effected by means of'. These phrases are often confused because they appear similar.

Should it be 'may be effected by' or 'may be affected by'?

The right expression is 'may be effected by'. These phrases are often confused because they have a similar spelling.

Should I use 'be effected by the' or 'be affected by the'?

The right phrase is 'be effected by the'. These phrases are often confused because of their similar spelling.

Which is right 'to be effected by' or 'to be affected by'?

The correct expression is 'to be effected by'. These phrases are often confused because they look similar.

Which is correct 'can be effected by' or 'can be affected by'?

The right phrase is 'can be effected by'. These phrases are often confused because they have a similar spelling.

Which is right 'be affected by the' or 'be effected by the'?

The correct phrase is 'be affected by the'. These phrases are often confused because of their similar spelling.

Should I use 'to be affected by' or 'to be effected by'?

You should use 'to be affected by'. These phrases are often confused because they are easy to mistype.

Should I use 'not affected by the' or 'not effected by the'?

The correct expression is 'not affected by the'. These phrases are often confused because they have a similar spelling.

Is the phrase 'may be affected by' or 'may be effected by'?

The right phrase is 'may be affected by'. These phrases are often confused because they are easy to mistype.

Is the expression 'is affected by the' or 'is effected by the'?

The correct expression is 'is affected by the'. These phrases are often confused because of their similar spelling.

Some synonyms of effected are: brought about, established, accomplished, implemented.

Some synonyms of affected are: influenced, changed, impacted.

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The definitions in this article were adapted from Wiktionary and Merriam-Webster.

Dictionary Definition of effectedDictionary Definition of affected

Examples of effected in a sentence

Just how is the transfer of personality and/or sacred duty effected, Mr. Saleh?
- The Hippopotamus Pool by Elizabeth Peters
I know it really effected you mentally.
- The Wild Child by Mary Jo Putney
The divorce was effected soon after they moved to another dwelling.
- Hell's Angels: a strange and terrible saga by Hunter S. Thompson
The move should be effected tonight.”
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince by Rowling, J.K.
It has not been, sir, without some trouble that I have effected this;
- Hard Times by Charles Dickens

Examples of affected in a sentence

His slow, deep voice affected her as it always did, steadied her, calmed her.
- Play with fire by Dana Stabenow
I saw them and said to myself, These are for the Semperes,' she said in an affected tone.
- The shadow of the wind by Carlos Ruiz Zafón; Lucía Graves
When had a girl affected him like this?
- Chasing Silver by Jamie Craig
It gave her a strange sense of loss that affected her more than she wanted to admit.
- Secret Weapon Spouse by B. J. Daniels
He knew what had happened: Jasper Kohle had affected him more than he had known.
- In the night room: a novel by Peter Straub