Blog Grammar Rules How Many Letters Are in the Alphabet?

How Many Letters Are in the Alphabet?

Hannah Yang

Hannah Yang

Speculative Fiction Author

Published May 02, 2022

Letters in the alphabet article

An alphabet is a set of symbols used to represent consonants and vowels.

Almost every written language has an alphabet, however, they all have a different number of letters.

So how many letters are in different alphabets around the world?

Read on to learn about the alphabets of languages worldwide, and the number of letters they include.

Contents:
  1. How Many Letters Are There in the English Alphabet?
  2. How Many Letters Are There in Alphabets in Different Languages?

How Many Letters Are There in the English Alphabet?

The modern English alphabet has 26 letters:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Each letter has a lowercase and an uppercase form.

Five letters are vowels: A, E, I, O, U.

The remaining 21 letters are consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Sometimes Y is also considered a vowel, depending on the role it plays in the word.

Letters in the English alphabet

Super Quick History of Letters in the English Alphabet

The modern English alphabet is based on Latin script, which originated in Italy in the 7th century BC. The Latin alphabet was the foundation for many newer alphabets, including French, German, and English.

Out of the twenty-six letters in the modern English alphabet, 23 (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Y, Z) were present in the Old English Alphabet, which was recorded in 1011 AD by a monk named Byrhtferð.

The Old English alphabet included other letters that we no longer use today: the long S (ſ), Eth (Ð and ð), Thorn (þ), Wynn (ƿ) and Ash (ᚫ; later written as Æ and æ).

The remaining 3 letters in the modern English alphabet (J, U, and W) were added later on.

Until 1835, the English alphabet comprised of 27 letters: all the letters we have today, plus the ampersand (&), which came right after Z.

Alphabet fun fact

How Many Letters Are There in Alphabets in Different Languages?

Let’s look at the number of letters in popular languages around the world.

Letters in the Arabic Alphabet

There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet. All of them represent consonants rather than vowels.

The Arabic language is written from right to left in a cursive style. It uses several symbols outside of the alphabet itself, including short vowel markers and markers of pronunciation.

Here are the 28 Arabic letters:
غ     ظ      ض    ذ       خ      ث     ت     ش     ر      ق      ص    ف     ع      س     ن      م       ل      ك      ي     ط        ح      ز      و      ه       د       ج      ب     أ

Arabic letters

Letters in the Spanish Alphabet

The Spanish alphabet has 27 letters. It has all the same letters as the English alphabet, plus the letter “ñ,” which comes after “n.”

Until 2010, there were actually 29 letters in the Spanish language. The two extra letters were “ch” and “ll,” which both have distinct pronunciations.

Here are the 27 Spanish letters:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

A grammar guru, style editor, and writing mentor in one package.
Try it for free!
ProWritingAid

Letters in the French Alphabet

The French alphabet comprises the same 26 letters as the English alphabet.

It also includes some accent marks that English doesn’t, such as “é,” and “ç.” However, these are modifiers added to existing letters, not separate letters.

Here are the 26 French letters:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Letters in the Russian Alphabet

The modern Russian alphabet comprises 33 letters: 21 consonants, 10 vowels, and two signs.

Here are the 33 Russian letters:
А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я.

The Russian alphabet

Letters in the Greek Alphabet

The Modern Greek alphabet consists of 24 letters.

Here are the 24 Greek letters in both their uppercase and lowercase forms:
Α α, Β β, Γ γ, Δ δ, Ε ε, Ζ ζ, Η η, Θ θ, Ι ι, Κ κ, Λ λ, Μ μ, Ν ν, Ξ ξ, Ο ο, Π π, Ρ ρ, Σ σ/ς, Τ τ, Υ υ, Φ φ, Χ χ, Ψ ψ, Ω ω.

Letters in the Hebrew Alphabet

There are 22 letters in the Hebrew alphabet.

Hebrew, also known as Jewish script or square script, is written from left to right. It has no distinction between uppercase and lowercase forms, and like Arabic, the Hebrew alphabet includes no vowels.

Here are the 22 Hebrew letters:
כ    י    ט    ח     ז    ו    ה    ז    ג    ב    א
ת    ש    ר    ק    צ    פ    ע    ס    נ    מ    ל

Five of these change their forms. The final forms look like this:
ץ    ף    ן    ם    ך

The Hebrew alphabet

Now you know how many letters popular alphabets have.

Do you speak any other languages? Tell us about its alphabet in the comments!


Ready to Improve Your Writing? Try ProWritingAid.

error correction for alphabeth

Our editing software remembers 1000s of grammar rules so you don’t have to.

Sign up for a free account to get started.

Subscribe for writing hacks, special offers and free stuff
We will not share your details
ProWritingAid
Have you tried  ProWritingAid  yet? What are you waiting for? It's the best tool for making sure your copy is strong, clear, and error-free!
Hannah Yang

Hannah Yang

Speculative Fiction Author

Hannah is a speculative fiction writer who loves all things strange and surreal. She holds a BA from Yale University and lives in Colorado. When she’s not busy writing, you can find her painting watercolors, playing her ukulele, or hiking in the Rockies. Follow her work on hannahyang.com or on Twitter at @hannahxyang.

Log in
to your account to leave a comment or fill in your details below to comment as a guest.

Great Writing, Made Easier.

A grammar checker, style editor, and writing mentor in one package.

Try it for free today.

Sign up